District lies in the north-west part of Bihar. Its northern part is surrounded by Nepal state where as the western border is divided by the Gandak river which bifurcates the North Bihar and Gopalganj and East Champaran district respectively. The district is situated between North latitude 26°16’ – 27°31’ N and East longitude 83°50’ – 85°18’ E.
Brief descriptions of the district are as follows.
a) Geographical area : 484351 ha.
b) Cultivable area : 278519 ha.
c) Total population : 3922780 ha
d) Male/ Female : 2057669/ 1865111
e) Literacy percentage : 58.06
This district has a literacy rate of 58.06%. There are a few schools in the district which are amongst the best in North Bihar.
No. of govt. Primary Schools : 1340
No. of Middle Schools : 284
No. of High Schools : 68 (including Minority and Project Schools)
No. of Constituent Colleges : 3
Industrial Training Institute : 1
Agriculture is the main source of income of the people in West Champaran. Some agro-based industries have flourished here and are being run successfully. Sugar mills are established at Majhaulia, Bagaha, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Chanpatia and Lauria. The Chanpatia sugar mill is closed at present. Some rice mills are also being run successfully and the produce is being marketed to different places outside the district. Cottage industries based on local available natural and agricultural produce catering the local needs such as gur (raw-sugar), basket, rope, mat weaving etc are also popular.
Land use Pattern
Land use pattern figures are as follows :-
Total Area of the district - 484351 ha
Forest land - 91745 ha
Non-agricultural land - 94176 ha
Water Area - 23678 ha
Barren/ Unculturable Land - 2917 ha
Culturable Land - 1301 ha
Permanent Pasture - 1160 ha
Tree crops - 6429 ha
Fallow Land - 2625 ha
Current Fallow - 5479 ha
Total Unculturable Land - 205832 ha
Net Sown Area - 278519 ha
Gross Sown area - 399802 ha
Cropping Intensity -1.44 ha
Major Farming System/ Enterprises ( Based on the analysis made by the KVK)
|S.N.||Farming System / Enterprises|
|1||Paddy - Wheat|
|2||Paddy - Wheat - Moong|
|3||Paddy - Sugarcane - Sugarcane|
|4||Paddy - Potato - Maize|
|5||Paddy - Vegetable - Vegetable|
|6||Sugarcane + Lentil|
|7||Paddy - Maize|
District level data on agriculture, livestock and farming situation
|1||Major Farming system/enterprise||Rice- Wheat/ Rice- Sugarcane|
|3||Agro ecological situation||Forest areas in more than 91000 ha|
|4||Soil type||Sandy loam|
|5||Productivity of major 2-3 crops under cereals, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables, fruits and others||Sugarcane-680 q/ha, Rice- 30 q/ha, Wheat- 29.6 q/ha|
|6||Mean yearly temperature, rainfall, humidity of the district||Max temp- 40.83ºC, Min temp- 10.7 ºC, Rainfall-1300mm, RH-88%|
|7||Production of major livestock products like milk, egg, meat etc.||Cattle (Crossbred)- 12.181 litre: Indigenous- 3.128 litre; Buffalo- 10.470 litre|